In Ghana, as in most countries in Africa, little is known about the extent of secondhand smoke exposure in public places. A study found that seconhand levels were unacceptably high in public places in Ghana where smoking is allowed, comparable to those measured in American, Asian and European countries without or before smoking bans.
The study measured particulate matter and air nicotine concentrations in hospitality venues and hair nicotine concentrations in non-smoking employees in Ghana.
Implementing a comprehensive smoke-free legislation that protects workers and customers from secondhand smoke exposure in indoor public places is urgently needed in Ghana, according to the study.
1. Agbenyikey W, Wellington E, Gyapong J, et al. Secondhand tobacco smoke exposure in selected public places (PM2.5 and air nicotine) and non-smoking employees (hair nicotine) in Ghana. Tobacco Control 2011; 20: 107-111. (open access)