A new American Heart Association report projects that the cost of heart disease in the United States will increase from $272.5 billion a year in 2010 to over $800 billion a year in 2030. Currently cardiovascular disease is responsible for 17 percent of national health expenditures and is the leading cause of death in the United States. By 2030, more than 40 percent of the U.S. population (116 million people) will have some form of heart disease.

Indirect costs (the loss of productivity) are projected to increase 61% from $172 billion in 2010 to $276 billion in 2030. Treating high blood pressure accounts for the largest percentage of the overall projected cost, and will increase to $389 billion by 2030.

“Effective prevention strategies are needed if we are to limit the growing burden of CVD [cardiovascular disease].” the study concludes.

1. Heidenreich PA, Trogdon JG, Khavjou OA, et al. Forecasting the future of cardiovascular disease in the United States: a policy statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, published online 24 Jan 2011. (open access)