Adults in Iran with diabetes, especially men, have a risk of coronary heart disease similar to non-diabetics with a history of heart disease, new research indicates.

Women with diabetes and who had previous coronary heart disease had the worst prognosis, with eight times greater risk of having a coronary event. Men with diabetes and previous coronary heart disease were at four times greater risk.

The findings reinforce the urgent need for intensive care and prophylactic treatment for cardiovascular diseases, the study concluded.

1. Hadaegh F, Fahimfar N, Khalili D, et al. New and known type 2 diabetes as coronary heart disease equivalent: results from 7.6 year follow up in a middle east population. Cardiovascular Diabetology 2010; 9: 84. (open access)