Heavy cigarette smoking increases the risk of chronic kidney disease, particularly for kidney disease classified as hypertensive nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy, a study shows.
These results raise the importance of smoking cessation to decrease the incidence of chronic kidney disease and other preventable diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary artery diseases and cancers, the study concluded.
1. Yacoub R, Habib H, Lahdo A, et al. Association between smoking and chronic kidney disease: a case control study. BMC Public Health 2010; 10: 731. (open access)