Mexico study: Heart disease risk determined by quality of fat

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Quality, rather than quantity of fat, is the determinant of heart disease risk, according to a study conducted in Mexico. The study found that although fat intake among three-quarters of Mexicans fell within World Health Organization recommendations, their saturated fat and trans fat intake exceeded healthy diet recommendations–placing them at higher risk for heart disease.

Around 60 percent of Mexicans surveyed had a high intake of saturated fats and a low intake of polyunsaturated fats, which help reduce the risk of heart disease and promote cardiovascular health.

“Public policies should be enacted to reduce the intake of saturated fats by improving the quality of baking lard and promoting the consumption of defatted milk,” the study recommended. These two foods are among the main sources of saturated fats in the Mexican diet.

In addition, consumption of foods rich in n-3 and n-6 fatty acids (such as fish and nuts) are very low in the typical Mexican diet; thus, alternatives like promoting a larger consumption of canola or soy bean oils or addition of n-3 fatty acids to cooking oils from other sources must be considered, the study concluded.

Citation:
1. Ramírez-Silva I, Villalpando S, Moreno-Saracho JE, Bernal-Medina D. Fatty acids intake in the Mexican population. Results of the National Nutrition Survey 2006. Nutrition & Metabolism 2011; 8: 33. (open access)

Open Access Week 2011

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Open Access Week 2011, the annual event celebrating the global movement towards open access to research and scholarship, runs this year from October 24-30. The event provides an opportunity to learn about the benefits of open access, share new ideas and strategies, and inspire wider participation in establishing open access as the norm in scholarly communication.

Open Access Week has served as a launching pad for new open access publication funds, open access policies, and papers reporting on the societal and economic benefits of open access.

Participation in this highly successful event continues to grow. This year, there are over 2,000 individuals in more than 110 countries registered in the Open Access Week social network. Participation remains strong throughout Europe and North America and will be complemented by new activities in regions as diverse as Algeria, Gambia, Iceland, Iraq, and Sudan. The global nature of this event is captured by an interactive Open Access Week member map.

Learn more by visiting the Open Access Week website.

Electronic Publishing Trust Award for individuals working for open access

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The Electronic Publishing Trust (EPT) is launching the 2011 EPT Award for individuals in developing and transition countries who have made significant advances to the cause of open access and the free exchange of research findings.

Deadline for nominations is 30 November 2011.

Individuals or organizations may nominate themselves or others by sending a statement using the submission form for nominations to Derek Law, EPT Chair, at derek.law@strath.ac.uk.

Selection of a winner will be made by a panel of three EPT board nembers which will be chaired by Dr. Alma Swan, a well-known figure in open access advocacy.

The winner will be announced in January 2012.

Health eVillages

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Health eVillages is a new health care and human rights advocacy consortium which aims to bring mobile medical reference and decision support technology to clinicians fighting to save lives in underserved regions worldwide. Health eVillages will be assisting health care professionals practicing medicine in the most challenging clinical environments, by providing them with mobile clinical reference and decision support tools for medical training, diagnostics and clinical references.

Health eVillages is comprised of leading international health care advocacy organizations, mobile health care solution providers, health information technology companies, communication providers and public health foundations. They will provide health care professionals in disadvantaged areas with new and refurbished mobile phones and handheld devices that do not require internet access and are preloaded with clinical decision support reference tools, to ensure caregivers and patients have safe access to updated medical references in remote locations. All devices include drug guides, medical alerts, journal summaries and references from over 50 medical publisher’s resources.

Health eVillages is a collobaration between Physician’s Interactive and the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights.

Click here to learn morea bout Health eVillages.

UNESCO HIV and AIDS Education Clearinghouse

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) offers the UNESCO HIV and AIDS Education Clearinghouse to support education professionals, ministries of education, development agencies, civil society, researchers and other partners by providing a comprehensive knowledge base and information exchange service for the development of HIV/AIDS policies, programs and advocacy within the education sector.

The clearinghouse provides:

  • a trilingual (English, French and Spanish) website and database
  • a virtual library, updated monthly, currently containing over 4,000 references
  • alerts to scientific journal articles
  • a calendar of HIV/AIDS-related events
  • electronic newsletter subscriptions
  • an email discussion group for HIV/AIDS professionals (Asia Pacific region)
  • enquiry and literature search services

Click here to access the UNESCO HIV and AIDS Education Clearinghouse.

Open Access Africa 2011

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Open Access Africa 2011, now in its second year, will once again bring together researchers, librarians and funding bodies to discuss the benefits of open access publishing in an African context.

Hosted by BioMed Central, in partnership with Computer Aid International, Open Access Africa 2011 will take place at Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology (KNUST) in Kumasi, Ghana, from 25-26 October 2011.

Speakers at this free event include representatives from Google, BMJ and Pan African Medical Journal. A full list of speakers can be accessed from the Open Access Africa 2011 website.

English language editing company, Edanz, will run a free pre-conference workshop on 24 October providing an introduction to their training program and online materials designed to address publishing challenges faced by non-native English speakers.

The conference is free to attend but registration will be necessary. For more information visit the Open Access Africa 2011 website or email oaafrica@biomedcentral.com.

The Lancet: Heath in Brazil

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The Lancet released a series of articles in May 2011 that looked at the progress made, policies enacted and remaining challenges in Brazil’s push for universal health care.

Brazil has made significant improvements in maternal and child health, emergency care, and in reducing the burden of infectious diseases. However, the country continues to have a high levels of obesity and a burden of injury deaths that is different from other countries due to the large number of murders.

The series includes six articles that critically examine what the country’s policies have achieved and where future challenges lie. Topics include: the Brazilian health system; maternal and child health; infectious diseases; non-communicable diseases; violence and injuries; and health policy innovations.

The Lancet: Heath in Brazil

All articles are open acces, free registration is required.

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